2.1 Ensuring Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All
2.1.1 Consistent Monitoring to Track Progress Towards the MDGs and Beyond. Monitoring tools and new IT innovations are essential in tracking progress towards the MDGs and beyond. Moreover, forging links between national and regional sector systems may serve to build greater consistency for better analysis and future planning.
Contact: UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Program, BMZ/GTZ, Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), UNSGAB
2.1.2 Accelerating WASH Sector Reform and Improving Governance. Countries that have tackled institutional reform processes and improved governance are, over time, able to accelerate sustainable service delivery. But this necessitates improved transparency, increased community and consumer involvement, stronger local capacity and clear accountabilities with incorporated checks and balances. How can all of this come together rapidly to provide access for all?
Contact: Istanbul Water and Sewerage Administration (ISKI)
2.1.3 Taking WASH to Scale While targeted projects certainly serve to improve local situations, their impact could be multiplied many-fold by implementing their approaches on a larger scale. Can scaling-up small projects really result in accelerating the achievement of the MDGs and large-scale transformation in water access?
Contact: Water & Sanitation Program, UNICEF & UNSGAB
2.1.4 Keeping Sanitation High on the Agenda In 2008, the IYS sought to focus world attention on the global challenge of sanitation. How did this initiative convince politicians and decision-makers to prioritise and invest in sanitation and what concrete actions were catalysed by the year’s activities? But, most importantly, where do we go from here?
Contact: Agence de l'Eeau Seine-Normandie and The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)
2.1.5 Topic 2.1 Wrap-up and Synthesis: Global Framework for Action and Closing Plenary: Contact: UK Department for International Development (DFID)
The Netherlands, Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS)
2.2 Water for Energy, Energy for Water
2.2.0 Opening session:Water for Energy, Energy for Water: Contact:International Hydropower Association
2.2.1Voltage and Volume: Can water and energy policies work hand in hand? In recent months, the rising cost of energy and the food crisis have received much media attention all over the world. Recognizing that both water and energy are fundamental to economic development in the coming decades, new policies must be developed to take into account the interrelatedness of water and energy.
Contact: French Water Partnership & the Ministry of Sustainable Development, France
2.2.2The Future is Now: Embedding Sustainability Principles within Water and Energy Development: Both water security and energy security are critical to economic and social development. The increasing need to address sustainability and recognition of its value is at once pervasive in the water-energy sector, and challenging. Through the prism of sustainable development principles this session reviews approaches, innovations and issues, and development within four inter-related sub-sector. It draws together lessons and actions for further advances in embedding sustainability in water and energy development.
Contact: World Bank & International Hydropower Association
2.2.3 Taming Bigfoot: What technologies can reduce the water and energy footprint? This need can be measured by using “footprinting”, an easy to use tool for improving water and energy management. This session will discuss ways that emerging technologies can reach the market to reduce water and energy footprints.
Contact: European Water Partnership
2.2.4 Wrap-up and Synthesis
Contact: International Hydropower Association (IHA)
2.3 Water and Food for ending Poverty and Hunger
2.3.1 How to achieve the required food production to meet the growing demand?
Future needs of water for food and fibre production will be huge and a large variety of water management measures (water harvesting, irrigation, drainage) will be needed to manage the supply. How much water is required for this extra food and fibre? To know this, it’s important to understand the amount of food needed and the most appropriate water management strategies to produce this. Other food chain factors such as storage, transportation and quality maintenance, and external factors, like the impacts of bio-fuel products, climate change and trading dynamics, can also impact availability and affordability.
Contact: International Water Management Institute & International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
2.3.2 How can food market measures boost rural development and poverty alleviation? A majority of least developed countries have sufficient resources to be food self-sufficient, if they develop their land and waer resources and if their economies support local trade. More importantly, since most poverty exists in rural areas that depend on farming for their livelihood, an increase in food prices could directly contribute to the reduction of poverty in these areas as well. Or not?
Contact: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Institute for water Education UNESCO-IHE
2.3.3Water for bioenergy or food? While energy crops could provide farmers with new opportunities to improve their livelihoods, the proliferation of crops could also affect food prices, the environment and the availability of water resources for growing other food and non-food crops in a region. How might bio-energy impact local development, poverty alleviation, undernourishment and food production, and how can an appropriate balance be found between food and biofuel production?
Contact: Consortium of Indian Farmers’ Association (CIFA), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
2.3.4Synthesis: How can better water management reduce poverty and hunger? The trend of increasing food prices on the world market necessitates far-reaching interventions and investments to prevent under-nourishment. How can agricultural and water policies be reconciled to avoid both global and local food crises? How can improvements and investments contribute to increase overall food production for a planet with a booming population?
Contact: International Commission on Irigation & Drainage/ Mc Gill University & CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CGIAR CPWF)
Joint venture between Topics 2.3 and 5.2: DROPS and CROPS: Water demand management in agriculture:
Contact: Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Water Management Institute (IWMI )
2.4 Multiple Use and Functions of Water Services
1-hour Topic Introduction
2.4.1 Water Multi-Tasking: How to optimize multiple uses for maximum benefits: Water can be used in many ways beyond just for health and hygiene. Irrigation, energy generation and industry all require water resources, and each can help accelerate achievement of the MDGs at the local level in different, but equally important ways. The challenge is to find equilibrium among the greatest benefits of each use, while ensuring sustainability.
Contact: International Network for Water and Ecosystem in Paddy Fields (INWEPF), Food Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
2.4.2Bridging sectors to strengthen multiple uses and functions of water services. As in any joint enterprise, multiple use services enable providers to share both costs and benefits. And with any joint enterprise, clear ground-rules for cooperation can help avoid disputes later on. Innovative solutions for efficient governance of multiple use systems are needed to share decisions, costs of operation and management, and benefits among stakeholders. How can legal, political, financial and institutional barriers be overcome to support and scale up these services?
Contact: IFAD & IRC
2.4.3 Multiple-use services for more MDGs per drop; how to make it happen? The first two sessions for this topic will have looked into an analysis of what multiple-use services and functions of water are about, and how these can be governed. This session aims to take these findings to the political level, by looking at what is needed at policy and programme level to adopt a multiple-use approach and how this can be scaled up. Contact: FAO
Theme 2- Wrap-up Session: Contact: UN Water, FAO
Special Focus On: Health, Diganity and Economic Progress: Way forward for Gender Equity Developing and monitoring Gender-sensitive Sustainable Sanitation Programmes and Indicators for MDG 7: This high level special session, including a ministerial high level panel debate followed by an open discussion with experts, will focus on the development and monitoring of gender-sensitive sustainable sanitation programs and indicators to accelerate progress in achieving target 10 of MDG7.
Contact: UN Task Force on Gender and Water, WECF Women in Europe for a Common Future, UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), International Union for Conservation of Nature
Special Focus On:“WATERBORNE TRANSPORT “ Is Inland Waterborne Transport (IWT) the sustainable future? The challenge for riparian decision-makers is to balance the needs of the natural waterway system with the development of inland navigation as a viable and environmentally friendly mode of transportation. Better understanding of the physical and biological effects of inland water transport on ecosystems will result in sustainable waterways that are compatible with environmental, societal and political requirements. Contact: PIANC
Special Focus On: EFFICIENT USE OF WATER IN AGRICULTURE: The special session is aiming to share the experiences of three countries done up to now on efficient use of water in agriculture with the whole world and potential challenges in the future to ensure adequate water for agriculture in terms of quantity and quality by taking consideration in to increased demands by other sectors. Contact: DSI, Turkey, National Water Commission of Mexico (CONAGUA), Mexico, Ministry of Water Resources, China; China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR)